COLLECTED PAPERS OF

FREDERICK G. KILGOUR


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INDEX - OCLC YEARS

M - P

- - -"M" - - -"N" - - -"O" - - -"op"

M

Machine Aided Technical Processing System - see MATPS - - - ,23 ,42

Machine conversion of characters - - - ,30

- for computer production of catalog cards - - ,33

Machine-oriented languages, in bibliographic data processing - - - ,37

Machine-readable data files, literature review - - - ,161

Machines - effect on human culture - - ,131

- evolution of human control of - - ,97

- evolution of power sources - - ,97

- historical development - - ,98

- Industrial Revolution - - ,99

- - in agriculture - ,99

- - introduction of machine tools - ,99

- - in textile industry - ,99

- special purpose - - ,389

Machlup, Fritz - - - ,10

MAD language - - - ,43 ,116

Madec, Alain J. - - - ,504

Maidment, W. R. - - - ,144

Main entry, usefulness in online catalogs - - - ,334

Management - and linking library networks - - ,487

- scientific - increasing productivity through - ,129

- - in libraries - ,129

Management information - MATPS (Machine Aided Technical Processing System) - - ,23 ,43

- in system design - - ,18 ,22

Management information systems - - - ,11

Managers, functions - - - ,383

Manufacturing - assembly-line procedures in - - ,389

- computers in - - ,100

MARC II format - characteristics - - ,183 ,364

- development - - ,122

- goals of - - ,122

- literature review - - ,151

- major properties - - ,122

- processing problems - - ,183

- - directory information - ,183

- - sort keys - ,183

- products from - - ,123

- purpose - - ,121

- structure - - ,122

- use of - - ,122 ,123

MARC II records - acquisition selection procedures, use in - - ,139 ,230

- bookform catalogs from - - ,123

- catalog cards from - - ,123 ,212 ,233 ,264

- cataloging rules, conformance to - - ,185

- descriptive cataloging for - - ,124

- errors in - - ,185

- LC call numbers in, problems with - - ,185

- minimum data requirements - - ,184

- products from - - ,183

- SDI based on - - ,123 ,230

- tagging - - ,124

- use of AACR in - - ,185

Marcus, M. - - - ,321 ,324 ,338 ,344 ,351 ,357 ,358 ,382 ,388 ,411 ,459

Markov strings in derived search keys - - - ,224 ,303

Mass production - in cataloging - - ,351

- 19th century - - ,99

- principles - - ,353

- - in printing press - ,99

MATPS (Machine Aided Technical Processing System) - - - ,23 ,42

- duplicate detection programs in - - ,115

- development - - ,115

- management information - - ,23 ,43

- search keys, derived - - ,177 ,195

Matrix design - in automated catalogs - - ,384

- and derived search keys - - ,333

- in online catalogs - - ,333

Matrix format, in file design - - - ,117

Mauchley, J. W. - - - ,79

Maurer, W. D. - - - ,118

MEDLARS system - - - ,11 ,92 ,188 ,348 ,370

- coordinate indexing in - - ,92 ,176

MEDLINE system - - - ,281 ,348 ,502

Meredith, William B. - - - ,493

Merton, Robert K. - - - ,47

Minc, Alain - - - ,504

Miniature catalog concept - - - ,334 ,349 ,358 ,378 ,395

- in OCLC - - ,334 ,390

M.I.T., Project Intrex - - - ,104

Mitchell, P. C. - - - ,180

Monsanto Company, St. Louis, Mo. - computerized bookform catalog - - ,189 ,363 ,371

Morse, Philip - - - ,131

N

National libraries - and computerized library networks - - ,379

- effect of policies on library networks - - ,504

National Library of Medicine (U.S.) (NLM) - CATLINE - - ,502

- computer production of catalogs - - ,27

- MEDLARS system - - ,11 ,92 ,188 ,348 ,370

- MEDLINE - - ,281 ,348 ,502

National policies - effect on international library networks - - ,470 ,504 ,505

- effect on linking library networks - - ,486 ,487 ,505

- and transborder data flow - - ,486 ,504

- - Brazil - ,505

- - France - ,504

- - Sweden - ,504

- - Third World countries - ,505

- United States, effect on library networks - - ,503

National Science Foundation (NSF) - - - ,28

NELINET (New England Library Network) - computer production of catalog cards - - ,189 ,362 ,370

- and OCLC - - ,315

- shared cataloging - - ,282

Networking - economies of scale - - ,353

- providing library services - - ,353

- resource availability through - - ,353

Networks - see Library networks; Library cooperatives - see also under specific network names - - - ,373 ,255

New York Public Library, authority files - - - ,364

NLM - see National Library of Medicine (U.S.) (NLM) - - - ,502 ,27 ,11 ,92 ,188 ,348 ,370 ,281 ,348 ,502

Nora, Simon - - - ,504

NOTS system - see U.S. Naval Ordnance Test Station (NOTS) - - - ,187 ,369

NSF - see National Science Foundation - - - ,28

O

OCLC - AACR2 - adoption of - ,412 ,413 ,422 ,455

- - cost analysis - ,411

- access to - - ,437 ,441 ,445 ,478

- access to other databases through - - ,447

- Acquisitions Subsystem - - ,343

- - description - ,482

- - procedures - ,447 ,454

- - products - ,454

- analysis of system activity - - ,483

- applications programs - catalog card production - ,276

- - cataloging - ,276

- benefits of - - ,481 ,498

- catalog cards, production of - - ,221 ,233 ,264 ,276 ,279

- - cost - ,221 ,315

- - flexibility - ,260 ,315

- - format options - ,219 ,230 ,265 ,268

- Cataloging Subsystem - - ,288 ,342

- - benefits - ,498

- - charges - ,317 ,433 ,438 ,439 ,446

- - cost reduction through - ,235 ,257 ,316 ,391 ,442

- - costs - ,385

- - description - ,428 ,432

- - design - ,269 ,496

- - duplicate detection - ,432

- - economy of scale - ,260

- - equipment selection - ,269

- - flexibility - ,315

- - goals - ,263 ,293

- - growth - ,294

- - hit rate - ,294

- - implementation - ,221

- - input cataloging standards - ,343

- - objectives - ,219 ,260 ,315

- - pricing - ,294 ,343

- - procedures - ,5 ,213 ,277 ,442 ,481

- - productivity, increasing through - ,260 ,317 ,491

- - products - ,260 ,432 ,438 ,442 ,446 ,455

- - quality control - ,432

- - rate of cataloging - ,221 ,256 ,260 ,282 ,390 ,391 ,446

- - search keys - ,177 ,213 ,256 ,294 ,298 ,338 ,432 ,439 ,446 ,450 ,455 ,481 ,497

- - - Chinese characters and ,497

- - - research ,260

- - staff reduction through - ,317 ,492

- - use for retrospective conversion - ,438

- Channel 2000 - - ,472 ,475

- charges - - ,5 ,317 ,385 ,439

- circulation control - - ,343

- computer storage - - ,214

- copy cataloging - - ,220 ,277

- cost benefits - - ,211 ,214 ,454

- costs - - ,3 ,5 ,214

- costs of use - - ,445

- CPU utilization - - ,328

- description - - ,263 ,314 ,320 ,341 ,381 ,445 ,449

- design - - ,338

- economic goals - - ,212 ,218

- effective utilization - - ,317

- equipment selection - see also Tandem computers, Xerox Sigma computers - - ,4 ,172 ,212 ,220 ,270 ,326 ,497

- establishment of - - ,495

- in Europe - - ,498

- file design - - ,265

- file organization - - ,108 ,220 ,272 ,366

- financial health - - ,382

- financing, early - - ,217

- funding - - ,3 ,6

- goals - - ,259 ,427 ,431 ,437 ,441 ,446 ,453 ,478

- governance - - ,4 ,171 ,426 ,427 ,431 ,437 ,441 ,453

- growth - - ,399 ,426 ,441

- health science libraries, use by - - ,445

- historical development - - ,103 ,314 ,337 ,399 ,425

- index files - - ,220 ,274 ,298 ,315 ,449

- - generation of - ,316

- - retrieval techniques - ,274 ,450

- input cataloging - - ,213 ,220 ,278

- interchange of records with BALLOTS system - - ,349

- interlibrary loan - early use for - ,211

- - use for - ,318 ,381

- Interlibrary Loan Subsystem - - ,343 ,379

- - activity studies - ,451

- - analysis of activity - ,428

- - benefits - ,438 ,498

- - capabilities - ,428

- - description - ,428 ,439 ,442 ,456

- - effect of union catalog on - ,451

- - procedures - ,428 ,439 ,447 ,456 ,482

- - user response - ,428

- labor intensiveness of - - ,382

- membership - - ,171 ,263 ,293 ,314 ,431 ,441

- miniature catalog concept - - ,334 ,390

- Name-Address Directory, benefits - - ,454

- objectives - - ,106 ,171 ,212 ,217 ,263 ,313 ,321 ,337 ,377 ,383 ,391 ,399

- obsolescence - - ,173 ,215

- online catalogs - - ,342 ,378 ,384 ,395 ,449

- operating system - - ,276

- organization - - ,247 ,441

- original proposal for - - ,1

- proposed implementation plan - - ,6

- purpose - - ,199 ,377 ,383 ,384 ,427 ,431 ,437 ,441 ,446 ,478 ,496

- remote catalog access - - ,172

- research - - ,4 ,483

- response time - - ,220 ,328

- search keys - see OCLC, Cataloging Subsystem, search keys - - ,177 ,213 ,256 ,294 ,298 ,338 ,432 ,439 ,446 ,450 ,455 ,481 ,497

- sequential files - - ,273 ,342

- Serials Control Subsystem - - ,442 ,447 ,482

- - check-in procedures - ,343 ,455

- - claiming - ,456

- - participation - ,455

- - union listing - ,447 ,456

- shared cataloging - see OCLC, Cataloging Subsystem - - ,288 ,342

- sources of revenue - - ,381 ,441 ,446 ,498

- stability - - ,317

- staff - - ,6 ,482

- subject access - - ,172 ,435

- subject retrieval - - ,333 ,450

- subsystems - - ,107 ,171 ,199 ,212 ,219 ,259 ,282 ,293 ,298 ,315 ,338 ,378 ,391 ,400 ,438 ,442 ,446 ,454 ,478 ,496

- system configuration - - ,270 ,326 ,342 ,382 ,442

- system design - - ,3 ,103 ,172 ,173 ,212 ,343 ,446

- technical description - - ,259 ,341 ,378 ,382 ,427 ,433 ,437 ,442 ,445 ,483

- telecommunications - - ,297 ,497

- terminals - - ,212 ,220 ,272 ,298 ,327 ,433 ,438 ,483

- - capability requirements - ,199

- - selection process - ,199

- union catalog - - ,2 ,213 ,256 ,260 ,278 ,289 ,318 ,338 ,343 ,366 ,378 ,399 ,432 ,438 ,450 ,451

- - effect on interlibrary loan - ,451

- - use for interlibrary loan - ,318 ,381

- videotex system - - ,436 ,447 ,483 ,499

- videotext research project - - ,422

- Viewtel system - - ,466

- - access - ,478

- - databases - ,478

- - individualization through - ,478

OCR (Optical character recognition), for title page transcription - - - ,179

Ohio College Association, establishment of OCLC - - - ,103 ,314 ,337 ,399 ,495

Ohio State University, search key study - - - ,366

Ohio State University Libraries - circulation system - - ,211

- remote catalog access - - ,172 ,217 ,230 ,231 ,255 ,282 ,288 ,321 ,335 ,354 ,371

- - procedures - ,288

- search keys, derived - - ,223 ,282

Oklahoma Department of Libraries, SDI based on MARC II records - - - ,230

Online catalogs - access to, through cable television - - ,345

- arrangement - - ,395

- cataloging detail in - - ,335 ,344 ,366 ,390 ,395

- and cataloging rules - - ,333 ,344 ,358

- design - - ,331 ,349 ,365

- evaluation of - - ,335

- file design - - ,365

- flexibility - - ,335

- local, and viewdata systems - - ,440

- MARC record sort keys for - - ,184

- matrix design - - ,333

- miniature catalog concept - - ,334 ,349 ,358 ,378 ,395

- minimum data in MARC records for - - ,184

- OCLC - - ,342 ,378 ,384 ,395 ,449

- role in personalizing libraries - - ,335

- Stanford University Library - - ,125

- subject retrieval - - ,396

- usefulness of main entry in - - ,334

Online systems - see also under specific system names - acquisitions - - ,137 ,173 ,191

- file design for - - ,138

Ontario Universities Library Project (ONULP), computer production of catalogs - - - ,27

ONULP - see Ontario Universities Library Project (ONULP) - - - ,27

Optical character recognition - see OCR - - - ,179

OUCLS (Ontario Universities Cooperative Library System), union catalog - - - ,366

P

Parker, Ralph - - - ,1 ,104

Parker, Wyman W. - - - ,1 ,103

Penniman, W. D. - - - ,323

Periodicals - see Serials - - - ,190 ,372

Perkins, James A. - - - ,11

Photocopying in libraries - - - ,78

Pizer, I. H. - - - ,37

Policies for information technology - see National policies - - - ,470 ,504 ,505 ,486 ,487

Poole, William Frederick - - - ,9 ,394

Prestel System - - - ,440 ,461 ,466 ,472

Printing press - mass production principles - - ,99

Productivity - defined - - ,491

- effect of technology on - - ,127

- increasing, through computerization - - ,129 ,140 ,149 ,211 ,260 ,324 ,336 ,344 ,353 ,395

- - economies of scale - ,344

- - labor-saving principles - ,344

- - studies - ,491

- increasing, through use of OCLC - - ,260 ,317 ,491

- of library staff - - ,218 ,255 ,286 ,287 ,291 ,316 ,491

- measuring - through economic analysis - ,492

- - through time and motion studies - ,493

- relation to library costs - - ,232

- use of scientific management to increase - - ,129

Professional attitude, and linking library networks - - - ,486

Program (journal) - - - ,143

Programming - for bibliographic data processing - - ,33 ,37

- - assembly - ,81

- - COBOL - ,38

- - higher-level - ,81

- - IBM Symbolic Programming System (SPS) - ,30

- - machine-oriented - ,37

- - MAD - ,43 ,116

- - symbol-manipulative - ,37 ,38

Programs - see Computers, programs - - - ,81

Project Intrex - - - ,104

Public libraries, automation, United Kingdom - - - ,143

Public Library of Columbus and Franklin County, and videotex systems - - - ,461 ,499

Public policy, sources of - - - ,501

Publishing, electronic - - - ,499

Publishing industry - increased productivity in - - ,128

- technological advances in - - ,128