COLLECTED PAPERS OF

FREDERICK G. KILGOUR


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INDEX - OCLC YEARS

A - D

- - -"A" - - -"B" - - -"C" - - -"D"

A

AACR - and catalog design - - ,332

- use in MARC II records - - ,185

AACR2 - adoption of - continuing costs - ,412

- - by Library of Congress - ,411

- - by OCLC - ,412 ,413 ,422 ,455

- - one-time costs - ,412

- and bibliographic control - - ,422

- cost analysis by OCLC - - ,411

- impact on library economics - - ,411

Abstract journals, historical development - - - ,347

Abstracting and indexing - compared with cataloging - - ,285

- computerization - - ,348

- cooperation in - - ,348 ,349

- - and library networks - ,349

- economic viability - - ,349

- historical development - - ,347

- standardization - - ,349

Academic institutions - historical development - - ,251

- - programs of instruction, effect on libraries - ,251 ,252 ,254

- literary societies - - ,252

Academic libraries - computerization - benefits of - ,134

- - effect of - ,139

- effect of network participants - - ,383

- effect of union catalog on interlibrary loan, studies - - ,405

- establishing objectives - - ,127 ,105 ,383 ,384

- failure rate - - ,357

- future trends - - ,105 ,257

- goals - - ,133

- growth, and depersonalization - - ,131 ,133

- historical development - - ,132 ,251

- labor intensiveness of - - ,382

- research, and information demand - - ,2

- rising costs - - ,127 ,132 ,140 ,147 ,212 ,232 ,321 ,338 ,382 ,411

- use of OCLC, cost benefit studies - - ,107 ,108

Acquisitions - automated - see also Acquisitions, computerized literature review - - ,160

- computerization - effect of - ,137

- - need of knowledge for - ,137

- - new products from - ,138

- - productivity, increasing - ,140

- - supervisory capabilities - ,138

- computerized - see also Acquisitions, automated; OCLC, Acquisitions Subsystem - batch systems - ,137 ,190 ,372

- - in comprehensive library system - ,138

- - historical developments - ,190 ,372

- - online systems - ,137 ,191 ,373

- - system design - ,83

- - United Kingdom - ,146

- order department - functions of - ,41

- - goals of - ,42

- ordering, automatic - - ,139

- procedures, flowcharts of - - ,42

- selection procedures, use of MARC II records in - - ,139 ,230

- Washington State University Library, file access - - ,177

Alanen, Sally - - - ,138

Alberga, C. M. - - - ,115

AMCOS (Aldermaston Mechanized Cataloging and Order System) - - - ,146

American Library Association, Cooperation Committee - - - ,239 ,245

American System of Manufacture - - - ,388

- labor-saving principles applicable to librarianship - - ,389

- principal characteristics - - ,389

Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2d ed - see AACR2 - - - ,411 ,412 ,413 ,422 ,455

Assembly-line procedures - introduction of - - ,100

- in manufacturing - - ,389

Authority control, purpose - - - ,364

Authority files, New York Public Library - - - ,364

Authors, motivation to publish - - - ,47

Automatic control - in computers - - ,101

- feedback in - - ,100

- numerical control - - ,100

Ayres, F. H. - - - ,139 ,144 ,146

B

BALLOTS (system) - - - ,281

- access methods - - ,324

- interchange of records with OCLC - - ,345 ,349

- subject retrieval - - ,396

- title indexing - - ,237

Balz, C. F. - - - ,187

BASIS-70 system - - - ,281

Battelle Memorial Institute, BASIS-70 system - - - ,281

Baumol, William J. - - - ,128 ,232 ,235 ,259 ,313 ,321 ,324 ,338 ,344 ,351 ,357 ,358 ,382 ,388 ,411 ,459

Bearman, H. K. Gordon - - - ,144

Bell Laboratories - BELLREL system - - ,155 ,190 ,372

- circulation system - - ,108

BELLREL system - - - ,155 ,190 ,372

Bibliographic control - and AACR2 - - ,422

- access points in - - ,422

- purpose - - ,419

Bibliographic data processing - computer programs - - ,28

- development - - ,34

- literature review - - ,160

- machine-oriented languages - - ,37

- programming - - ,33 ,37

- - data preparation - ,39

- - languages - ,37

- - output - ,38

- - monitor programs - ,38

- - sorting - ,39

- reducing error - - ,34

Bibliographic records - design of, for multiple products - - ,84

- quality control, OCLC - - ,432

- standardization - - ,191 ,373 ,389

- - in library networks - ,289

Bibliographies, national - - - ,450

- and Universal Bibliographic Control (UBC) - - ,450

Blair, C. R. - - - ,115

Bodleian Library, Oxford - retrospective conversion - - ,145

- use of MARC tapes for union catalog - - ,144

Books - availability - increased, in less-developed countries - ,291

- - increased, through computerization - ,289

- - in libraries, historical development - ,285

- production, laser printers in - - ,460

- theft - - ,76

- use - motivations for - ,286

- - and remote catalog access at Ohio State University Libraries - ,288

- studies - publication date distribution analysis - ,54

- - subject and publication date relationship - ,54

- - subject distribution analysis - ,51

- and user group studies - - ,59

Bourne, C. P. - - - ,115

Bowen, William G. - - - ,127

Brazil, national policy on transborder data flow - - - ,505

British National Bibliography MARC Project - - - ,144

Brodman, Estelle - - - ,37

Brown, James Duff - - - ,247

Brown, Peter - - - ,145

Buckland, Lawrence - - - ,28

Bunnow, L. R. - - - ,188 ,370

Burgess, T. K. - - - ,180

Bush, Vannevar - - - ,314 ,323

Business procedures, automation of - - - ,100

C

Cable television - access to online catalogs through - - ,345

- and online systems - - ,299

Camden Borough Library, computerization of catalog - - - ,144

CAPTAIN system - - - ,281

Carlisle, Huntington - - - ,503

Catalog cards - computer production of - - ,27 ,107 ,362 ,364

- - call number problems - ,184

- - cost - ,267 ,279

- - - Columbia-Harvard-Yale Medical Libraries Computerization Project ,111

- - - factors in ,112

- - - OCLC ,221 ,315

- - - studies ,112

- - - Yale Medical Library ,112

- - historical development - ,188 ,370

- - laser printers in - ,471

- - machine conversion of characters for - ,33

- - from MARC II records - ,123 ,212 ,233 ,264

- - NELINET - ,189 ,362 ,370

- - OCLC - ,221 ,233 ,264 ,276 ,279

- - - flexibility ,260 ,315

- - paper stock - ,267

- - programs - ,113 ,265 ,276

- - time required for - ,112 ,268

- - University of Chicago - ,189 ,370

- costs, manual and computerized procedures compared - - ,234

- format options, OCLC - - ,219 ,230 ,265 ,268

- size standardization - - ,121 ,239 ,245 ,348 ,388

- uniformity - - ,247

Cataloging - automated - see Cataloging, computerization; Cataloging, computerized; Cataloging, mechanized - - ,129 ,233 ,361 ,134 ,173 ,178 ,215 ,440

- batch systems - - ,173

- compared with abstracting and indexing - - ,285

- computerization - - ,129 ,233 ,361

- - objectives - ,362

- computerized - see also Cataloging, mechanized - flexibility and AACR2 - ,412

- - system design - ,82

- cooperation and cost reduction - - ,349

- cooperative - - ,347 ,348

- - historical development - ,253

- cost reduction - - ,279 ,321 ,324 ,349

- costs - - ,232

- descriptive - computerization - ,257 ,395

- - computerized - ,233

- - for MARC II records - ,124

- - mechanization - ,178 ,288 ,299 ,316 ,335 ,344

- - - research ,179

- detail, in online catalogs - - ,335 ,344 ,366 ,390 ,395

- duplication, reducing - - ,2

- - OCLC - ,256

- mass production techniques - - ,351

- mechanized - see also Cataloging, computerized - - ,134 ,173 ,178 ,205 ,440

- - research - ,179

- productivity, increasing - - ,129 ,211 ,336 ,353

- - through use of OCLC, studies - ,491

- products - - ,220

- purpose - - ,252

- rate of - - ,221 ,391

- - OCLC - ,221 ,256 ,260 ,282 ,390 ,391 ,446

- records - interchange of - ,121

- - machine-readable - development of ,122

- - - formats, standardization of ,122

- - standardization of - ,121

- rules - and catalog design - ,358

- - conformance to, in MARC II records - ,185

- - differences, and participation in library networks - ,468

- - historical development - ,348 ,393

- - and linking library networks - ,489

- - and online catalogs - ,333 ,344 ,358

- shared - economy of scale - ,459

- - increasing availability of information through - ,460

- - LIBRIS - ,282

- - NELINET - ,282

- - objectives - ,268

- - OCLC - see also OCLC, Cataloging Subsystem - ,172

- - and participation in library networks - ,468

- - through regional library computerization - ,290

- standardization - - ,349

- types of - - ,361

Catalogs - arrangement - - ,332 ,361 ,384 ,473 ,474

- automated - see also Catalogs, computerized - improving access to library collections - ,230

- - literature review - ,156

- - matrix design - ,384

- - purpose - ,473

- - structure, and searching - ,474

- - and viewdata systems - ,475

- bookform - computer production of - design ,33

- - - historical development ,189 ,287 ,371 ,388

- - - literature review ,159

- - - from MARC II records ,123

- - - MARC record sort keys for ,184

- - - Monsanto Company, St. Louis, Mo. ,189 ,363 ,371

- - currency - ,365

- card - disadvantages - ,287

- - MARC record sort keys for - ,184

- closing - alternatives - ,412

- - reasons for - ,412

- - University of Toronto - ,412

- COM (Computer Output Microform) - -

- complexity of - and library staff use - ,230

- - and users - ,229

- computer production of - - ,27 ,363

- - Florida University Library - ,27

- - historical development - ,188 ,370

- - National Library of Medicine (U.S.) - ,27

- - ONULP - ,27

- - programs - ,28

- computerized - Camden Borough Library - ,144

- - OCLC - see also OCLC, Cataloging Subsystem - ,178

- - organization - ,178

- currency - - ,335 ,475

- definition - - ,331 ,473

- design - - ,331 ,473

- - and AACR2 - ,332

- - and cataloging rules - ,358

- formats - - ,361

- historical development - - ,76 ,287 ,347

- online. See Online catalogs

- purpose - - ,361 ,473

- quality - - ,473

- use - - ,176

CATLINE - - - ,502

Channel 2000 - - - ,472 ,475

Chinese characters, and OCLC search keys - - - ,497

CHY Project - see Columbia-Harvard-Yale Medical Libraries Computerization Project - - - ,27 ,111

Circulation - computerization - - ,83

- control, OCLC - - ,343

- statistics in library materials use studies - - ,49 ,59

Circulation systems - automated, literature review - - ,155

- computerized - Bell Laboratories - ,108

- - historical development - ,188 ,371

- - Ohio State University Libraries - ,211

- - United Kingdom - ,145

Clapham, Michael - - - ,128

Classification, subject - see Subject classification - - - ,76 ,77 ,253 ,287 ,288 ,388

COBOL language - - - ,38

Colorado Academic Libraries Book Processing Center - - - ,234

Columbia-Harvard-Yale Medical Libraries Computerization Project (CHY) - catalog card production costs - - ,111

- computer production of catalogs - - ,27

COM catalogs - see Catalogs, COM - - -

Competition, and linking library networks - - - ,487

Computer languages - see Programming, languages - - -

Computer literacy - for librarians - - ,85

- United Kingdom - - ,147

Computer software - see Computers, programs - - - ,81

Computerization - of circulation - - ,83

- effect of - on academic libraries - ,139

- - on acquisitions - ,137

- - on library services - ,353

- - on library staff - ,134

- - on library use - ,354

- - on reference service - ,13

- increased book availability through - - ,289

- and library procedures - - ,1 ,171 ,288

- and library size - - ,84

- productivity, increasing through - - ,129 ,140 ,149 ,211 ,234 ,260 ,324 ,336 ,344 ,353 ,395

Computers - application to library procedures - - ,11

- - principal benefits - ,11 ,80

- automatic control in - - ,101

- capabilities - - ,11 ,21 ,80

- education in, for librarians - - ,85

- effect on library staff - - ,79 ,80

- historical development - - ,79

- - binary system - ,79

- - ENIAC - ,79

- - random access memory - ,79

- - stored programs - ,79

- - transistors - ,79

- impact on libraries - - ,396

- individualism from - - ,80

- in information retrieval - - ,91

- interchangeability through - - ,389

- in manufacturing - - ,101

- numerical control - - ,101

- programs - see also OCLC, applications programs - - ,81

- - assembly languages vs. higher-level languages - ,81

- - for bibliographic data processing - ,28

- - for catalog card production - ,113 ,265 ,275

- - for catalog production - ,28

- - compatibility - ,82

- role in personalizing libraries - - ,218

- and societal needs - - ,86

- as special purpose machines - - ,390

- time-sharing systems - - ,81

- - advantages - ,81

CONSER Project, description - - - ,455

Conversion projects - see also Retrospective conversion - literature review - - ,158

Copy cataloging, OCLC - - - ,220 ,277

Copyright law, and information retrieval - - - ,95

Costs. See under specific topics

Coward, Richard E. - - - ,144 ,185

Cox, Nigel S. M. - - - ,145

CRT terminals - - - ,108 ,272 ,327

- capabilities compared - - ,200

- library requirements - - ,199

- OCLC - - ,199 ,212 ,220 ,272 ,298 ,327 ,433 ,438 ,483

- selection process - - ,199

- utilization - - ,329

Culbertson, Don S. - - - ,37 ,38

Cutter, Charles Ammi - - - ,394

D

Data, immediate access to - - - ,465

Data processing - see Bibliographic data processing - - - ,28 ,34 ,160 ,37 ,33 ,39 ,38

Databases - see Online systems - - - ,137 ,173 ,191 ,138

Davidson, L. - - - ,115

Day, A. C. - - - ,274

Dean, Hazel - - - ,492

Descriptive cataloging - see Cataloging, descriptive - - - ,257 ,395 ,233 ,124 ,178 ,288 ,299 ,316 ,335 ,344 ,179

Dewey, Melvil - - - ,10 ,394

Dews, J. D. - - - ,146

DIALOG system - - - ,111 ,188 ,370

Dolby, J. L. - - - ,234

Duplicate detection - length of character strings in - - ,117

- in MATPS - - ,115

- misspellings and spacing variations in - - ,117

- OCLC - - ,432